domingo, 14 de febrero de 2016

35 fuentes de datos para iniciar emprendimientos de Big Data

Big Data: 35 Fuentes de datos brillantes y gratuitas para 2016

Forbes




Los datos son ubicuos - pero a veces puede ser difícil ver el bosque por los árboles, por así decirlo. Muchas empresas de diversos tamaños creen que tienen que recoger sus propios datos para ver los beneficios de análisis de grandes volúmenes de datos, pero no es cierto.
Hay cientos (si no miles) de memoria libres disponibles, listos para ser utilizados y analizados por cualquiera que esté dispuesto a buscarlos. A continuación se muestra una lista de 35 de los más interesantes a nivel mundial que he encontrado, pero hay muchos, muchos más en muchos nichos diferentes.
  1. Data.gov http://data.gov The US Government pledged last year to make all government data available freely online. This site is the first stage and acts as a portal to all sorts of amazing information on everything from climate to crime.
  2. US Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/data.html A wealth of information on the lives of US citizens covering population data, geographic data and education.
  3. Socrata is another interesting place to explore government-related data, with some visualisation tools built-in.
  4. European Union Open Data Portal http://open-data.europa.eu/en/data/ As the above, but based on data from European Union institutions.
  5. Data.gov.uk http://data.gov.uk/ Data from the UK Government, including the British National Bibliography – metadata on all UK books and publications since 1950.
  6. Canada Open Data is a pilot project with many government and geospatial datasets.
  7. Datacatalogs.org offers open government data from US, EU, Canada, CKAN, and more.
  8. The CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/Information on history, population, economy, government, infrastructure and military of 267 countries.
    Big Data Sources for 2016 (source Shutterstock)
  9. Healthdata.gov https://www.healthdata.gov/ 125 years of US healthcare data including claim-level Medicare data, epidemiology and population statistics.
  10. NHS Health and Social Care Information Centre http://www.hscic.gov.uk/home Health data sets from the UK National Health Service.
  11. UNICEF offers statistics on the situation of women and children worldwide.
  12. World Health Organization offers world hunger, health, and disease statistics.
  13. Amazon Web Services public datasets http://aws.amazon.com/datasets Huge resource of public data, including the 1000 Genome Project, an attempt to build the most comprehensive database of human genetic information and NASA ’s database of satellite imagery of Earth.
  14. Facebook FB +0.05% Graph https://developers.facebook.com/docs/graph-api Although much of the information on users’ Facebook profile is private, a lot isn’t – Facebook provide the Graph API as a way of querying the huge amount of information that its users are happy to share with the world (or can’t hide because they haven’t worked out how the privacy settings work).
  15. Face.com: A fascinating tool for facial recognition data.
  16. UCLA makes some of the data from its courses public.
  17. Data Market is a place to check out  data related to economics, healthcare, food and agriculture, and the automotive industry.
  18. Google Public data explorer includes data from world development indicators, OECD, and human development indicators, mostly related to economics data and the world.
  19. Junar is a data scraping service that also includes data feeds.
  20. Buzzdata is a social data sharing service that allows you to upload your own data and connect with others who are uploading their data.
  21. Gapminder http://www.gapminder.org/data/ Compilation of data from sources including the World Health Organization and World Bank covering economic, medical and social statistics from around the world.
  22. Google GOOGL +0.07% Trends http://www.google.com/trends/explore Statistics on search volume (as a proportion of total search) for any given term, since 2004.
  23. Google Finance https://www.google.com/finance 40 years’ worth of stock market data, updated in real time.
  24. Google Books Ngrams http://storage.googleapis.com/books/ngrams/books/datasetsv2.htmlSearch and analyze the full text of any of the millions of books digitised as part of the Google Books project.
  25. National Climatic Data Center http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/quick-links#loc-climHuge collection of environmental, meteorological and climate data sets from the US National Climatic Data Center. The world’s largest archive of weather data.
  26. DBPedia http://wiki.dbpedia.org Wikipedia is comprised of millions of pieces of data, structured and unstructured on every subject under the sun. DBPedia is an ambitious project to catalogue and create a public, freely distributable database allowing anyone to analyze this data.
  27. Topsy http://topsy.com/ Free, comprehensive social media data is hard to come by – after all their data is what generates profits for the big players (Facebook, Twitter TWTR +10.97% etc) so they don’t want to give it away. However Topsy provides a searchable database of public tweets going back to 2006 as well as several tools to analyze the conversations.
  28. Likebutton http://likebutton.com/ Mines Facebook’s public data – globally and from your own network – to give an overview of what people “Like” at the moment.
  29. New York Times http://developer.nytimes.com/docs Searchable, indexed archive of news articles going back to 1851.
  30. Freebase http://www.freebase.com/ A community-compiled database of structured data about people, places and things, with over 45 million entries.
  31. Million Song Data Set http://aws.amazon.com/datasets/6468931156960467 Metadata on over a million songs and pieces of music. Part of Amazon Web Services.
  32. UCI Machine Learning Repository is a dataset specifically pre-processed for machine learning.
  33. Financial Data Finder at OSU offers a large catalog of financial data sets.
  34. Pew Research Center offers its raw data from its fascinating research into American life.
  35. The BROAD Institute offers a number of cancer-related datasets.
Las empresas que pueden no tener los recursos para comenzar a recopilar sus propios datos de inmediato puede acceder a estos datos públicamente disponibles y comenzar a hacer las preguntas correctas y obtener respuestas de inmediato con visión de futuro.
¿Cómo le puso públicamente los datos disponibles para utilizar en su negocio o nicho? Yo estaría interesado en escuchar sus pensamientos e ideas en los comentarios a continuación.


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